January 22, 2011

Abortion and Movies (Happy Birthday Roe v. Wade!)

Last night I went to see the movie Enter the Void. Enter the Void, which seemed interesting enough from the trailer, ended up being something like the lovechild of Requiem for a Dream and Lost in Translation, which probably sounds like a good thing, except for the fact that what the film delivered in visual attractiveness it lacked entirely in plot.

This information is only semi-relevant to what I am trying to say. What's important about Enter the Void was the fact that, in between the kaleidoscopic approximations of drug trips, the film actually featured an abortion. I'm not talking about the sort of movie abortion where a character suddenly finds herself undesirably pregnant, spends time considering her options, and then is shown on the couch in sweatpants eating ice cream in an apparent state of recovery. I'm talking about an actual abortion-- feet in the stirrups, cervical dilation, a closeup of uterine contents.

After watching this scene, which made me feel sort of nauseous, I realized how uncommon it is in a movie to see an actual depiction the medical side of an abortion. Plenty of films broach the topic, but few actually show what happens once a character decides to terminate a fetus. I talked to a bunch of my friends about this apparent invisibility, and nobody could come up with a movie besides this one in which an actual abortion was shown. (We're not film scholars; I'm sure some movies exist, but they're definitely not commonplace, especially considering how frequently and publicly abortion is discussed...)

I'm not sure if this absence is a good thing or not. Part of me thinks it would be better to demystify and accurately portray a medical procedure that so often is discussed with careful, euphemized rhetoric. Watching the scene in Enter the Void, however, did make me feel very uncomfortable. If an abortion scene incites that kind of emotion in someone who is solidly right-to-choose, I can only imagine the sort of spin anti-choicers could come up with should medically-accurate depictions of abortion start making their way into the mainstream. Still, my opinion leans toward the idea that less mystery about the abortion procedure is better, but to be honest, I have no idea why I feel this way.

What do you think? Are there benefits to accurately portraying abortion procedures in movies? Do you know of any movies that show abortions?

92 comments:

  1. If These Walls Could Talk is the only movie I can think of that centers around abortion--in the lives of three different characters in three different eras. I'm sure people will raise eyebrows at the idea of Cher portraying a doctor who performs abortions, and abortions aren't shown very graphically, but there's a lot of discussion of the matter within the film.

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  2. I don't know if I can think of actual benefits from literal depictions of "the medical side" of abortions. I mean, I guess it's not a bad thing, but I don't know if it's a good thing per se. I do, however, feel like no matter the situation I really can't rationalize ignorance the way a lot of pro-choice rhetoric tries to. I think all that "women don't NEED to know what an abortion is like" or "women shouldn't have to LOOK at the foetus before terminating it" is ridiculous. Women are in that situation because they did a grownup thing, and closing their eyes while being all "LALALA CAN'T HEAR YOU" is not very grownup. The grownup thing to do is to own up to your decision, not make it a parenthesis in your life. I think that if someone is in favor of abortion rights, they should realize that they include all sides of the issue, not just the moral or the medical one.

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  3. Try Revolutionary Road. Though the abortion isn't as graphic as the one you describe, you do see blood dripping down Kate Winslet's legs.

    Dirty Dancing doesn't show the abortion, but it shows the negative health effects an ill-done abortion can have on the body.

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  4. In our world, it is super easy to find videos of all kinds of surgeries on every part of the body and videos of births. I've seen plastic surgeries, LASIK, weight-loss surgeries, open heart surgeries (including one on a small child), C-sections, etc.

    If it helps viewers come to informed conclusions about where they stand- whether it pushes them more toward pro-life or pro-choice or solidifies their opinion exactly where it is- it seems to me that it shouldn't be excluded from the many gory surgeries and procedures shown in movies and on television.

    It seems like your hesitance is more about the threat to your own opinion than the abortion itself. Because the image is ugly and uncomfortable, it is much more likely to influence people toward pro-life viewpoints than the girl in the sweatpants with the ice cream, and might be dangerous to the pro-choice viewpoints.

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  5. I am pretty sure I don't want to see the details of any medical procedure during a movie.

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  6. Just saw Blue Valentine which contains a pretty intense abortion scene - in which the character is stirred up, doctor is there explaining the procedure in great details, and she ends up screaming "Stop" at the last second. This was actually the most I'd ever seen depicted in a film and even though there were no graphic visuals, the content itself - the medicalized explanations from the doctor, the sterile room and uncomfortable silence - was powerful, in my opinion. I appreciated that the scene was made for the viewer to experience, rather than just picking up with the character after the fact. As for whether or not this sort of thing should be shown more explicitly in more films - I can't say whether that would help to demystify or just stroke the fire of pro-life advocates.
    Thanks for the thought/post.

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  7. I think that portraying abortions accurately is important because I feel like too many women don't take abortion seriously. It's not like you go pee in a cup and you're done; abortion is a serious procedure. On the other hand, I don't want to watch one when I go to the movies. I'm not sure where I stand.

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  8. I don't know if you've heard about a Romanian film called "4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4_Months,_3_Weeks_and_2_Days) and if you haven't you really should check it out. It's about what it means to have an abortion under a totalitarian political regime, about female friendship and freedom. It's one of my favorite movies, but since i've only seen it once (will watch it again this month for a class on the best movies of the past decade) I don't remember if the abortion scene is graphic. What is really impressing is a shot at the fetus. I love the movie because, among other things, it doesn't ask the question of wheter an abortion is RIGHT or WRONG, it just presents us with a situation in which the character thinks it NECESSARY.
    Anyway, I really really love your blog and your tumblr, you are one really cool girl!

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  9. Perhaps you were uncomfortable because it was the first time you ever saw it? If you'd been seeing that say ... 50% of the time you saw making out on tv, you'd barely blink at it.

    I think it's GREAT to show abortions in movies. Surely you've seen how much misinformation is out there about what a fetus looks like by the anti-abortion hardcore people. I mean, if you miscarried at 9 weeks, you'd see a clump of blood and nothing more identifiable than that. But the pro lifers show pictures of a fetus at nine weeks and you'll clearly be able to identify a formed baby. That needs to stop.

    Even if the information coming to people through fictional movies is embellished, it'd be more realistic than what the pro lifers put out.

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  10. I remember watching a British documentary on tv around 5 years ago, called 'My Foetus', in which a pregnant woman addresses her views regarding abortion and her decision when she was 21 to terminate her own unplanned pregnancy. She also made the decision to film a woman having an abortion and include it in her documentary.

    It was confronting, but it helped me in my convictions and my belief in a pro-choice policy. I was only 15 at the time.

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3642087.stm

    Here's a link to an article about the documentary.

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  11. I waiver back and forth on my opinions on abortion. I personally would never have one but I can understand and accept why other women might. My only real issue with abortion is people who use it as a form of birth control. There are other methods that are safer, cheaper and more humane. But that's just my opinion.

    In regards to seeing it in a movie, I think that's great. There are a lot of young girls who are having abortions because they think it's the only option but they've been mislead as to what exactly an abortion entails. I think they should be required to know exactly what is going on so they can be prepared to handle it. If they still chose to have one, that's their choice to make but at least they are properly educated.

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  12. I'm also pro-choice, but I am for the discouragement of abortion, if that makes any sense, so I'm glad there's a lot of pro-life hype going around. Women should be encouraged to choose a different option, but abortion should be there if they really need it.
    So judging by what you said, I think it's good to show the horrors of the medical side. Reading about it certainly made me less likely to want an abortion, much less actually seeing it.
    But if a movie has a vivid depiction in it, I want to be told beforehand.

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  13. Green,
    I Googled "Fetus 9 weeks" and here is a picture that I found which shows the fetal development at this stage: http://www.octopusmom.com/Fetal_Development_Week_9-13.html . I went to several other sites and all of them have pictures that show the same basic level of development as this one does: fingers, toes, eye sockets. At 9 weeks the fetus has a beating heart. I'm not sure if it would look like a "clump of blood" to the eye or not, but that doesn't change the fact that these bodily features are formed. I profoundly disagree with a lot of the rhetoric used by many pro-life groups, but a lot of the images used that show arms, legs, facial features, etc. are accurate for fetal development around weeks 12 and beyond, when abortions are still legally performed.

    I remember going to The Body Exhibit once and they had fetuses on display from various stages of pregnancy and I was surprised at how early in the pregnancy a fetus begins to have recognizable bodily features. To be fair, the pro choice rhetoric of "just a clump of cells" ceases to be true quite early in the pregnancy.

    I think it's a good idea to depict abortion in as realistic and medical a light as possible. What overcomes rhetoric from either side is purely the truth.

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  14. I'm assuming you saw Enter the Void for fun. I don't consider watching any surgery fun, so I disagree with that being shown. Personal viewing preferences.

    I do, however, agree that there should be proper education images/recordings/discussion about abortion so that if someone must make that tough decision they don't just have rumors to weigh for or against it.

    I agree with some of the above postings in that abortion shouldn't be taken lightly. I think that sex should be fully understood as well. Sex Ed is something that is rarely touched at home (in most cases) because parents assume that it will be discussed in school.

    In school Sex Ed is spun in a biased negative way, which doesn't win over youth so they immediately stop listening to the person trying to educate and prepare for things like unplanned pregnancy.

    In Summary, many people obsess about abortion but I think the greater issue is how our country/society approaches sex education (and our options). I don't think that fictional films are decent medium to learn about sex or our health options.

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  15. Although I like the idea of showing safe, healthy abortions as a viable medical procedure, I think it's important to have the scene be...matter of fact? Rather than intending to upset or be particularly off-putting to the procedure. I know what you mean when you say that the scene itself was unpleasant, despite your belief in the procedure itself. Hell, I get very very upset when I watch scenes in which characters give birth! Rather than marvel at the miracle of life I get uncomfortable and light-headed at all the sweating and crying and people staring transfixed at the character's crotch. So I guess although I am not against showing this procedure in addition to the myriad other medical procedure we can see in movies and TV, I would probably shy away from them all equally :P

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  16. I agree with you that “less mystery about the abortion procedure is better”, since I don’t see how women can make the choice to abort (or how one can maintain that it’s a choice that should be defended), without being explicit about what that choice involves. I don’t think that means it’s necessary for every film that features abortion to show it in the detail you described, just like they don’t need to graphically depict rape, or child abuse, or suicide when that forms part of the plot; people who can’t bring their own experience and understanding to bear on films with that sort of subject matter probably shouldn’t be watching them in the first place, but I agree that constant discussion of abortion, with at best haziness, and at worst outright refusal to face the reality of the procedure cannot be the way forward.
    As you’ve observed, it doesn’t require any anti-choice spin to make someone wholly committed to abortion rights feel uncomfortable, and I don’t see how anyone can claim that it’s legitimate to censor depictions of what you consider to be nothing more than a medical procedure to keep support for you case.
    I really recommend 4months3weeks2days as well; it is simultaneously very direct and non-preachy in portraying what abortion entails, whilst making obvious the grisly reality of what ensues when it’s illegal.
    @Green: I’m from the UK, where abortion is nothing like the political issue it is in the US, so I don’t know for sure whether images of the foetus in utero are used in misleading and manipulative ways, but do pro-life activists really use images of a foetus at say 81/2 months, and claim its at 9 weeks gestation? (genuine, not rhetorical question) I wonder if it’s just a question of scale being misleading, at 9 weeks a foetus does not look like a fully grown baby, but it is recognisably human, with eyelids, earlobes, fingers, toes, and elbows that bend, at 12 weeks, which is the earliest that a D&C abortion would be performed, a foetus has functioning reflexes, brain synapses, a liver that produces bile and kidneys that secret urine into the bladder. At this stage the foetus can close her fingers, curl her toes and clench her eye muscles, but it’s less than 5cm in length, so an image of it would obviously have to be enlarged if it was to be used on a placard at a rally for example.

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  17. people don´t want to realice what an abortion is: murder. They don´t want to see videos about it because they donñt recorgnice it´s true meaning.

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  18. Medical procedures in general are not shown in movies. I think it is weird to include an actual abortion in a movie, when it is so uncommon to see medical procedures. Even child birth is generally not shown. It increases the impact when people don't see medical procedures, and don't know what different procedures/surgeries actually look like. If more child births were shown in the movies, would people be more careful about using protection? Is it possible to have any medical procedure in a movie, which is not a documentary, without having an agenda?

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  19. I'm waiting for my rental copy to arrive, but I'm looking forward to watching the based-on-real-life movie "Out of Ashes" about the Jewish woman who performed life-saving, secret abortions in concentration camps to keep her fellow women alive.

    http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0311210/

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  20. There's a Romanian film called "4 Months, 3 Weeks, and 2 Days" that doesn't explicitly show an abortion in process, but graphically depicts the events before and after the abortion (including a shot of the aborted fetus). It's a great movie, and I certainly don't think it would have benefited from a scene of the actual abortion. Why show it? Pregnancy movies aren’t necessarily improved by graphic scenes of the birthing, and the same idea can be applied to films about abortions. Granted, pregnancies and abortions are not the same procedure. But I think that showing movie audiences exactly what happens in an abortion is not going to sway their opinion on the procedure. Rather, I think it is important that a film deal responsibly and maturely with the thoughts and consequences that surround a woman’s decision to have (or not have) one. And I don’t mean simply showing a woman in her pajamas sitting on the couch and eating ice cream. I support the right to choose whole-heartedly, but I think it is important to recognize that graphic abortion scenes have very little to do with the complexities of the process.

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  21. Karina, I also saw Blue Valentine recently and was surprised at the abortion scene, which did go into more detail than I expected. However, I thought that the doctor and nurses seemed supportive--it did not seem as sterile and uncomfortable to me. To me, it seemed like the filmmakers showed that this was not the right decision for her, but not that there was something inherently wrong with the procedure.

    I agree with those posters who think that some additional exposure in film would be helpful, but that they do not want to see a graphic medical procedure in an entertainment context.

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  22. All That Jazz used a graphic open heart surgery scene for dramatic effect. It was quite shocking seeing the rib cage pulled open with some surgical jig like that. I think people with heart problems should have to see All That Jazz so they'll think twice about getting heart surgery. Let's face it, surgery can look pretty gross, and even grosser if that's your goal and you have some good visual technique. Hell, butchering meat can look pretty gross, but I wash my hands before and after.

    (I know I sound callus, but I'm a guy, so I do 50,000,000 (or whatever the number is lately) unconceived babies murdered each day, mainly killed by my adaptive immune system. Hey, it's self versus on-self.)

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  23. I think I have definitely seen one in an (english) television drama. But I can't remember what it was called.
    It did find it a bit nasty. And it was the surgery part, it was the knowledge of what was happening. I think that was probably a good thing. I am entirely pro choice but I feel after seeing an acted abortion I would try harder not to get in the situation where I would have to decide.

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  24. In the second season of Mad Men (probably episode 2 or 3) they are talking about abortion. Well, actually not really but there is a scene in which one of the characters sees a tv show where a woman get an abortion at the very beginning. It is SAID that this scene is explicit but it is not SHOWN. :D

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  25. "Abortion is murder" is an opinion, not a fact.

    And I get tired of hearing the "abortion as birth control" argument. It sounds like women go around having unprotected sex and keep getting pregnant and getting abortions: "Oh, gee, I'm pregnant again, time for an abortion!" ~_~ For my part, I use what contraceptives I can (I can't use the pill/patch and cannot afford an IUD at the moment, but I do use condoms). I am married. If I conceived, I would have an abortion. I do not want to carry a child to term, ever. This does not make me a bad person, and it does not make my husband a bad person for agreeing with me.

    That said, I think seeing a graphic depiction of an abortion would make me feel just as bad as seeing a graphic depiction of giving birth does. I do not like gory things (no horror movies here!), so I would feel intensely uncomfortable seeing something like that.

    I do think, however, that we need better, more frank discussions of abortion in mainstream media, particularly movies and TV shows. Too often, the big glossy Hollywood movies gloss over the option of abortion, to the point of even censoring the word. 'Discussion' of abortion in these movies (which are what most of America watches) generally comes down to: "Are you going to...?" "What?! No, I would never!" or, alternatively, "I thought about...*it*...but I couldn't bring myself to do it." This sets up/plays into the misconceptions that abortion is the worst thing in the world, that abortion causes all kinds of mental health issues, etc. If we can have actual sane conversations about abortion in these big Hollywood movies, I think that would do a lot to move the conversation forward in our country, regardless of whether we show graphic depictions of the act.

    That's my two cents. :)

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  26. This is very interesting to read. . .
    I personally believe that abortion is wrong. Yes, some women need it to survive (which, I think is okay in that case), and yes, some women are not ready for kids. Some women are not ready for pregnancy because there is alot of scariness that comes with it.

    There are many many serious issues and reasons why people get abortions, but to me, there is nothing worse than to terminate life. Why should a child who could grow up to be a functioning part of society be terminated just for someone else's mistake? Having sex is a grown up decision; it has grown up consequences.

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  27. I think more knowledge in the community cannot be a bad thing. When the debate is simplified to pro-choice or anti-choice we can forget that what we are arguing about is a complex moral issue and a medical procedure which involves forcing a miscarriage (or invasive surgery).

    To be pro-choice is not about disrespecting the life of the fetus, or underestimating the procedure but about respecting the rights of the mother as a thinking human being to make this decision for herself.

    I agree that anti-choice groups could make use of footage of abortions to further their arguments to the detriment of women's reproductive rights, but personally, I could not argue against the dissemination of faithful images of the procedure. In my view, feminists should not try to romanticise the procedure and instead acknowledge its confronting and morally challenging nature while continue to fight for women's rights not necessarily to abort, but to make that choice on their own.

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  28. the one movie relating to abortion that I remember watching is '4 months, 3 weeks, 2 days'. it shows the story of a student that gets pregnant during the Ceausescu dictature in Romania (abortion was completely illegal pre-1989)and goes through trouble, aided by a friend, to convince a doctor to perform an abortion, which is done in a hotel room.

    the thing that struck me was the trouble of discarding the fetus. as the title says, the pregnancy was pretty far along, so the fetus was easier to discover, and there would have been serious legal issues. it was pretty eye-opening to be reminded that abortion is more than we see plain-ified.

    I strongly reccommend the movie, it got the Palm d'Or at Cannes a couple of years ago and it shines a light on the matter - while adding the mind-boggling outrageousness of the regime to the picture.

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  29. I also recently watched Into the Void. I found the way it dealt with abortion to be both refreshing and disturbing. Refreshing because it was represented it a straightforward way with seemingly no judgement on the morality of the situation. Disturbing because of the visuals...she had to have been at least 3 or 4 months pregnant with the size of the fetus. Most women will find out they are pregnant and choose to have an abortion earlier than this, and not even have to experience the cold sterile environment of hospital. I think my decision to have an abortion would have been much more difficult if I had seen this movie first, and I just hope that others who see it don't assume this is the normal experience.

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  30. Out of Ashes is a fantastic film!

    Based on a true story, this heart-wrenching film follows the journey of Gisella Perl (Christine Lahti), a Jewish-Hungarian doctor who manages to survive Auschwitz. Based on a true story, this heart-wrenching film follows the journey of Gisella Perl (Christine Lahti), a Jewish-Hungarian doctor who manages to survive Auschwitz. Decades later, she's applying for U.S. citizenship when she becomes accused of colluding with the Nazis. Her judge and jury are three INS investigators (played by Bruce Davison, Richard Crenna and Beau Bridges) who must decide her fate.
    http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0311210/plotsummary

    What this summary does not say is that her initial day at the camp she was tricked into rounding up all the pregnant women in her group (she was an ob/gyn, she thought they would get better medical care and food) to be sent to he gas chambers. After this harrowing experience, she takes it into her own hands to preform abortions for the female concentration camp inmates so they will not be sent to the gas chamber for being pregnant. Her trouble with the INS stems from the fact that they do not want an abortionist in their country. The movie is her explaining to INS agents why she had to preform them - for the sake of the women's lives.

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  31. Yes I do think that it is beneficial to have medically corect scenes of abortion in the media. As you have said many times in your blogs, what is shown as what "we" do is often the only reason "we" do it. I'm not saying media has complete control of everything we do, but many cliche activities in our life are done mostly because of the the medias power. The option of abortion is so often in todays society either thrown away or thought of as something hidden and well unseen. Options such as adoption and keeping the child have there own media forums. Even though "16 and pregnant" is not my ideal entertainment I have seen it. Whenever such a scary subject as abortion is brought up to one of these girls I almost constantly hear 'Of course not, how could you even think thats an option". Ive also heard this view reflected by family friends when describing why their neice has a daughter and is only 19. People wont, and dont see this as an option unless what an abortion is, is shown in media. Otherwaise it is something to be unsure about, unconfident about, and sadly not seen as an option. The only way to make it clear to people in a situation where they are not sure about what they are doing after the 9 months are up to consider abortion is to make it not such a dark alley. It most be made something clear, rather then mysterious

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  32. You don't want to see the abortion on screen because, inherently, you know it's wrong. It's the same feeli g you get when you see a helpless kid get bullied, the same feeli g you get when you hearstories of the Holocaust.

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